NeTEx has been developed under the aegis of CEN (Comité Européen de Normalisation) and is the most recent development stage in over fifteen years work to systemise and harmonize European passenger information data.
NeTEx provides a means to exchange data for passenger information such as stops, routes timetables and fares, among different computer systems, together with related operational data. It can be used to collect and integrate date from many different stakeholders, and to reintegrate it as it evolves through successive versions.
NeTEx is intended to be a general purpose XML format, designed for the efficient, updateable exchange of complex transport data among distributed systems. This allows the data to be used in modern web services architectures and to support a wide range of passenger information and operational applications.
To find out more about the NeTEX data model, visit the NeTEX website.
NeTEx-Light and NeTEx EPIP
Ideally all member states will provide NeTEx files according to the European Passenger Information Profile (EPIP) on their respective National Access Point. Data4PT provides some artefacts to simplify producing and quality assure such information.
First of all a simplified and EPIP-adapted version of the full NeTEx XML schema has been produced.
- Browse the graphic and interactive technical presentation of the adapted schema.
- Browse the dedicated Github repository for the EPIP Reduced XSD
A number of National and international profiles have already been defined for different European countries and more are under development. A list of these profiles with links to the relevant documentation is available here:
- ch : Swiss profile - Work In progress.
- de : German Profile.
- dk : Denmark implements Nordic Profile and the EU profiles.
- eu : Europe - Passenger Information Profile (Timetables) (above). There is work in progress on European Accessibility Profile (EPIAP) lead by DATA4PT project. To be delivered in the 1st quarter of 2022.
- fi : Finland - Nordic Profile .
- fr : FrenchProfile.
- ie : Irish Profile.
- it : Italian Profile
- nl : Netherlands profile.
- Profile specification.
- Bison Fares.
- no : Norway - Nordic Profile.
- pt : Portuguese Profile
- se : Sweden - Nordic Profile.
- si : Slovenian Profile
- uk : UK Profile (FareExchange.
If your use cases are resolved in an existing profile, it is highly recommended to adopt an existing solution and cooperate with the corresponding entity. You will save resources while you will ensure that your profile is interoperable. In order to support the identification of use cases, DATA4PT will deliver soon an inventory with the existing national profiles, identifying the functional scope and the elements/objects used.
NeTEx software / tools
General purpose XML tools can be used to work with the NeTEx XML schema and XML documents that conform to it, for example either the proprietary XML SPY , or Oxygen or see free tools at http://www.garshol.priv.no/download/xmltools/. A wide variety of mainstream XML tools are available to validate XML and to create bindings to specific programming languages (.NET, Java, PHP, C++).
To look at the design models, an interactive UML viewer such as Enterprise Architect is extremely helpful, although a set of static web pages is also available. Sample mappings to a variety of national formats (VDV, BISON, etc) as well as GTFS have been developed and are included in the NeTEx standard.
The following list of software is known to support NeTEx. We distinguish between different categories that may later receive a list of key performance indicators.
Conversion of NeTEx between other formats
|netex-protobuf||Available||NeTEx to protobuf converter||all||EUPL||https://github.com/entur/netex-protobuf|
|gtfs2netexfr||Available||Export GTFS data to NeTEx.||French||https://github.com/CanalTP/transit_model/tree/master/gtfs2netexfr|
|hastus||Available||Giro Hastus OIG script to export NeTEx from a system, in addition can export crew operations.||Dutch, Nordic(?)||AGPL-3.0||https://github.com/skinkie/hastus|
|josm-plugin-netex-converter||Available||Export OpenStreetMap pedestrian routing information into NeTEx.||GPL 2.0||https://gitlab.com/labiangashi/josm-plugin-netex-converter/|
Data Validation tools
|XMLlint||Available||XML syntax validation, XSD schema validation and constraint checking.||All||MIT||http://www.xmlsoft.org/|
Language bindings and software development aids
|NeTEx XML bindings|
|netex-java-model||Available||NeTEx XML bindings for Java, with additions to map temporal types to native objects.||Any||EUPL||https://github.com/entur/netex-java-model|
|netex-csharp-model||Not Available||NeTEx XML bindings for C#. Currently being researched with a variety of tools.
Contact DATA4PT if you have questions or have found the golden egg.
Editing /Management & visualisation tools for NeTEx data
|Nplan||Available||Java backend / TypeScript frontend for create/edit/export of NeTEx data (Support both Timetable based and On-demand polygon based services)||Nordic||EUPL||backend - https://github.com/entur/uttu
frontend - https://github.com/entur/enki
frontend - https://github.com/entur/abzu
|Chouette||Available||Java backend / Ruby frontend for import/validation/edit/export of NeTEx data. Highly modified version of the old AFIMB version of Chouette. NOTE: Legacy software not recommended for new implemetations||Nordic||CeCILL-B||backend - https://github.com/entur/chouette
frontend - https://github.com/entur/chouette2
|Chouette||Available||Java based NeTEx tools, transforms between profiles and standards (NeTEx, GTFS, Neptune).||EPIP||Apache 2.0||https://enroute.mobi/produits/chouette/|
|NeTEx Reader||In Development||C# based XML tool, based on Giro Hastus XSD.||Dutch||https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mpb_1Y9uR5k|
|netexconv2||In Development||Java based NeTEx tools, transforms between profiles and standards (NeTEx, DINO, HAFAS, KV1, GTFS).||Dutch, EPIP, Nordic, VDV462|
|Motus||Available||Motus is the Fleet Scheduling Management System provided by Pluservice. The application is designed by independent and integrated modules which can be activated according to specific operational needs.
One of the latest module created and already available is the generation of NeTEx datasets starting from the operational data collected by public transport operators. For this purpose, Motus receives the input data starting from a GTFS and it is able to enrich these data with further relevant information such as contracts, vehicles. Then Motus transforms these data into the NeTEx Italian profile.
Data model: the database is designed according to Transmodel specifications, European reference standard (EN12896) for public transport.
NeTEx data enabled
|OpenTripPlanner||Available||Timetable and shortest path journey planner supporting reading various input formats including GTFS and NeTEx.||Nordic||Apache 2.0||http://docs.opentripplanner.org/en/dev-2.x/Netex-Norway/|
Planning system supporting native NeTEx export
|Hastus||Available||Planning system from Giro for public transport||Nordic|
|Trapeze||Available||Planning system from Trapeze for public transport||Nordic|
|DG Buss||Available||Planning system from Datagrafikk for public transport||Nordic|
|Train Plan||Available||Planning system from Trapeze for railway||Nordic|
|IVU||In development||Planning system from IVU for public transport||Nordic|
|IVU||In development||Planning system from IVU for railway||Nordic|
|Turnit||Available||Planning system from Turnit for public transport||Nordic|
|Nplan||Available||Planning system from Entur for public transport||Nordic|
|TPSI||Available||Planning system from HaCon for railway||Nordic|