NeTEx has been developed under the aegis of CEN (Comité Européen de Normalisation) and is the most recent development stage in over fifteen years work to systemise and harmonize European passenger information data.
NeTEx provides a means to exchange data for passenger information such as stops, routes timetables and fares, among different computer systems, together with related operational data. It can be used to collect and integrate date from many different stakeholders, and to reintegrate it as it evolves through successive versions.
NeTEx is intended to be a general purpose XML format, designed for the efficient, updateable exchange of complex transport data among distributed systems. This allows the data to be used in modern web services architectures and to support a wide range of passenger information and operational applications.
To find out more about the NeTEX data model, visit the NeTEX website.
To verify your NeTEx data, use our free validation tool.
The normative NeTEx schema could be considered very big and extensive. Code generation tools for C# have difficulties with processing it. In order to use NeTEx within C# this derived XSD was created. This schema should be used informative, for application development, but not for validation purposes. This schema has been reduced to only match the scope of the EPIP Profile (European Passenger Information Profile) but remains compliant with the main NeTEx Schema.
The graphic interactive technical presentation and the technical artefacts are available here.
Ideally, all member states will provide NeTEx files according to the European Passenger Information Profile (EPIP) on their respective National Access Point. Data4PT provides some artefacts to simplify producing and quality assure such information. EPIP-adapted version of the full NeTEx XML schema has been produced.
- Browse the graphic and interactive technical presentation and download the relevant artefacts and available example here.
NeTEx national and EU minimum profiles inventory
A number of national and transnational profiles have already been defined for different European countries, while there are new profiles under development. In the following table, DATA4PT provides an overview of the key characteristics of the national profiles per country, including the data categories that are currently covered. The table will be continuously updated following new implementations.
*Data categories are identified based on MMTIS EU Regulation 1926/2017
** European Passenger Information Profile
*** European Passenger Information Accessibility Profile
|Functional scope per profile|
|Profiles||Full NeTEx format||EPIP**||EPIAP***||Austria||Croatia||Czech Republic||Denmark||France||Italy||Netherlands||Nordic (Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark currently)||Portugal||Slovenija||Switzerland||UK||Irish||German|
|Availability of NeTEx national profile||under development||Specified but not yet in operation||not yet specified||not yet specified||not yet specified||Specified and partially in operation||Specified but not yet in operation||specified but not yet in operation||Specified and in use||Specified and in use||specified but not yet in operation||in progress||Specified and in use||specified|
|NeTEx EPIP based|
|NeTEx EPIP compatible|
|Available mappings with full NeTEx profile||VDV NeTEx page|
|Available mappings with EPIP profile|
|LOS 1||Static data - Level of service 1|
|LOS 1-1||Address identifiers (building number, street name, postcode)|
|LOS 1-2||Topographic places (city, town, village, suburb, administrative unit)|
|LOS 1-3||Points of interest (related to transport information) to which people may wish to travel|
|LOS 1-4||Operational Calendar, mapping day types to calendar dates|
|LOS 1-5||Identified access nodes (all scheduled modes)|
|LOS 1-6||Geometry/map layout structure of access nodes (all scheduled modes)|
|LOS 1-7||Connection links where interchanges may be made, default transfer times between modes at interchanges|
|LOS 1-8||Network topology and routes/lines (topology)|
|LOS 1-9||Transport operators|
|LOS 1-11||Planned interchanges between guaranteed scheduled services||For connection links we use journeyplanner based on OSM map data, road, cycle and pedestrian network is based on OpenStreetMap|
|LOS 1-12||Hours of operation|
|LOS 1-13||Vehicles (low floor; wheelchair accessible.)|
|LOS 1-14||Accessibility of access nodes, and paths within an interchange (such as existence of lifts, escalators)|
|LOS 1-15||Existence of assistance services (such as existence of on-site assistance)|
|LOS 1-16||Road network|
|LOS 1-17||Cycle network (segregated cycle lanes, on-road shared with vehicles, on-path shared with pedestrians)|
|LOS 1-18||Pedestrian network and accessibility facilities|
|LOS 2||Static data - Level of service 2||in progress|
|LOS 2-1||Park & Ride stops|
|LOS 2-2||Bike sharing stations|
|LOS 2-3||Car-sharing stations|
|LOS 2-4||Publicly accessible refuelling stations for petrol, diesel, CNG/LNG, hydrogen powered vehicles, charging stations for electric vehicles||Only charging stations for electric vehicles|
|LOS 2-5||Secure bike parking (such as locked bike garages)|
|LOS 2-6||Information service|
|LOS 2-7||Where and how to buy tickets for scheduled modes, demand responsive modes and car parking (all scheduled modes and demand-responsive incl. retail channels, fulfilment methods, payment methods)|
|LOS 2-8||Trip plans, auxiliary information, availability check|
|LOS 2-9||Basic common standard fares (all scheduled modes)|
|LOS 2-10||Fare network data (fare zones/stops and fare stages)|
|LOS 2-11||Standard fare structures (point to point including daily and weekly fares, zonal fares, flat fares)|
|LOS 2-12||Vehicle facilities such as classes of carriage, on-board Wi-Fi.|
|LOS 3||Static data - Level of service 3|
|LOS 3-1||Passenger classes (classes of user such as adult, child, student, veteran, impaired access and qualifying conditions and classes of travel such as 1st, 2nd.)|
|LOS 3-2||Common fare products (access rights such as zone/point-to-point including daily and weekly tickets/single/return, eligibility of access, basic usage conditions such as validity period/operator/time of travel/interchanging, standard point to point fares prices for different point to point pairs including daily and weekly fares/zonal fare prices/flat fare prices)|
|LOS 3-3||Special Fare Products: offers with additional special conditions such as promotional fares, group fares, season passes, aggregated products combining different products and add on products such as parking and travel, minimum stay|
|LOS 3-4||Basic commercial conditions such as refunding/replacing/exchanging/transferring and basic booking conditions such as purchase windows, validity periods, routing restrictions zonal sequence fares, minimum stay.|
|LOS 3-5||How to pay tolls (incl. retail channels, fulfilment methods, payment methods)|
|LOS 3-6||How to book car sharing, taxis, cycle hire etc. (incl. retail channels, fulfilment methods, payment methods)|
|LOS 3-7||Where how to pay for car parking, public charging stations for electric vehicles and refuelling points for CNG/LNG, hydrogen, petrol and diesel powered vehicles (incl. retail channels, fulfilment methods, payment methods)|
|LOS 3-8||Detailed cycle network attributes (surface quality, side-by-side cycling, shared surface, on/off road, scenic route, ‘walk only’, turn or access restrictions (e.g. against flow of traffic)|
|LOS 3-9||Parameters needed to calculate an environmental factor such as carbon per vehicle type or passenger mile or per distance walked|
|LOS 3-10||Parameters such as fuel consumption needed to calculate cost|
|LOS 3-11||Estimated travel times by day type and time-band by transport mode/combination of transport modes|
|Links to the available documentation||Denmark implements currently the Nordic Profile and the EU profiles||Nordic Profile|
If you believe that your use cases are resolved in an existing profile, it is highly recommended to adopt an existing solution and cooperate with the corresponding entity. You will save resources while you will ensure that your profile is interoperable. You can also find contact details for some of the entities responsible for the profiles in the documentation list. Otherwise you can contact us in DATA4PT.
NeTEx software / tools
General purpose XML tools can be used to work with the NeTEx XML schema and XML documents that conform to it, for example either the proprietary XML SPY , or Oxygen or see free tools at http://www.garshol.priv.no/download/xmltools/. A wide variety of mainstream XML tools are available to validate XML and to create bindings to specific programming languages (.NET, Java, PHP, C++).
To look at the design models, an interactive UML viewer such as Enterprise Architect is extremely helpful, although a set of static web pages is also available. Sample mappings to a variety of national formats (VDV, BISON, etc) as well as GTFS have been developed and are included in the NeTEx standard.
The following list of software is known to support NeTEx. We distinguish between different categories that may later receive a list of key performance indicators.
Conversion of NeTEx between other formats
|netex-protobuf||Available||NeTEx to protobuf converter||all||EUPL||https://github.com/entur/netex-protobuf|
|gtfs2netexfr||Available||Export GTFS data to NeTEx.||French||https://github.com/CanalTP/transit_model/tree/master/gtfs2netexfr|
|hastus||Available||Giro Hastus OIG script to export NeTEx from a system, in addition can export crew operations.||Dutch, Nordic(?)||AGPL-3.0||https://github.com/skinkie/hastus|
|josm-plugin-netex-converter||Available||Export OpenStreetMap pedestrian routing information into NeTEx.||GPL 2.0||https://gitlab.com/labiangashi/josm-plugin-netex-converter/|
|netex-gtfs-converter-java||Available||Export NeTEx data to GTFS||Nordic||EUPL||https://github.com/entur/netex-gtfs-converter-java|
|Chimera||Available||Chimera is a framework for semantic data transformation pipelines. A converter between GTFS and NeTEx has been implemented adopting an intermediate Transmodel representation.||Nordic (ready), EPIP/Italian (ongoing)||Framework – Apache License 2.0, Mapping GTFS-NeTEx – Proprietary license||Framework – https://github.com/cefriel/chimera
Mapping GTFS-NeTEx – https://snap-project.eu/
|OpenMove ATLAS||Available||The management platform OpenMove ATLAS allows import and editing of data in GTFS format and export also in GTFS or NeTEx format (currently the Italian Profile is supported, other profiles can be implemented on request).||EPIP
|GTFS2NeTEx-converter||Available||Converts GTFS data in NeTEx Italian Profile.||EPIP
|Proprietary License||Work in Progress|
Data Validation tools
|XMLlint||Available||XML syntax validation, XSD schema validation and constraint checking.||All||MIT||http://www.xmlsoft.org/|
Language bindings and software development aids
|NeTEx XML bindings|
|netex-java-model||Available||NeTEx XML bindings for Java, with additions to map temporal types to native objects.||Any||EUPL||https://github.com/entur/netex-java-model|
|netex-csharp-model||Not Available||NeTEx XML bindings for C#. Currently being researched with a variety of tools.
Contact DATA4PT if you have questions or have found the golden egg.
|netex-parser-java||Available||Parse NeTEx files and lookup entities in an index||Nordic||EUPL||https://github.com/entur/netex-parser-java|
Editing /Management & visualisation tools for NeTEx data
|Nplan||Available||Java backend / TypeScript frontend for create/edit/export of NeTEx data (Support both Timetable based and On-demand polygon based services)||Nordic||EUPL||backend - https://github.com/entur/uttu
frontend - https://github.com/entur/enki
frontend - https://github.com/entur/abzu
|Chouette||Available||Java backend / Ruby frontend for import/validation/edit/export of NeTEx data. Highly modified version of the old AFIMB version of Chouette. NOTE: Legacy software not recommended for new implemetations||Nordic||CeCILL-B||backend - https://github.com/entur/chouette
frontend - https://github.com/entur/chouette2
|Chouette||Available||Java based NeTEx tools, transforms between profiles and standards (NeTEx, GTFS, Neptune).||EPIP||Apache 2.0||https://enroute.mobi/produits/chouette/|
|NeTEx Reader||In Development||C# based XML tool, based on Giro Hastus XSD.||Dutch||https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mpb_1Y9uR5k|
|netexconv2||In Development||Java based NeTEx tools, transforms between profiles and standards (NeTEx, DINO, HAFAS, KV1, GTFS).||Dutch, EPIP, Nordic, VDV462|
|Motus||Available||Motus is the Fleet Scheduling Management System provided by Pluservice. The application is designed by independent and integrated modules which can be activated according to specific operational needs.
One of the latest module created and already available is the generation of NeTEx datasets starting from the operational data collected by public transport operators. For this purpose, Motus receives the input data starting from a GTFS and it is able to enrich these data with further relevant information such as contracts, vehicles. Then Motus transforms these data into the NeTEx Italian profile.
Data model: the database is designed according to Transmodel specifications, European reference standard (EN12896) for public transport.
NeTEx data enabled
|OpenTripPlanner||Available||Timetable and shortest path journey planner supporting reading various input formats including GTFS and NeTEx.||Nordic||Apache 2.0||http://docs.opentripplanner.org/en/dev-2.x/Netex-Norway/|
Planning system supporting native NeTEx export
|Hastus||Available||Planning system from Giro for public transport||Nordic|
|Trapeze||Available||Planning system from Trapeze for public transport||Nordic|
|DG Buss||Available||Planning system from Datagrafikk for public transport||Nordic|
|Train Plan||Available||Planning system from Trapeze for railway||Nordic|
|IVU||In development||Planning system from IVU for public transport||Nordic|
|IVU||In development||Planning system from IVU for railway||Nordic|
|Turnit||Available||Planning system from Turnit for public transport||Nordic|
|Nplan||Available||Planning system from Entur for public transport||Nordic|
|TPSI||Available||Planning system from HaCon for railway||Nordic|
NeTEx Part 5 for New Modes
The NeTEx extension for New Modes addresses the development of a data exchange format dedicated to the publication of data concerning ‘Alternative Modes’ (as requested in EU COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) 2017/1926 of 31 May 2017). This work will generate NeTEx Part 5 focusing on (but not a limitation to) car sharing, cycle sharing, carpooling, car/cycle rental. It is primarily oriented towards static data (describing the service that is offered and associated infrastructure, more than its current running status). The corresponding real-time information is provided by SIRI. More information can be found in NeTEx website. The technical standard is now available by CEN/TS 16614-5:2022 (E).
Supportive material is already available through different channels (check below).
The XML schema (XSD) for NeTEx Part 5 New Modes is available in GitHub. In this NeTEx - CEN GitHub channel, examples are also provided, along with other useful documentation.
Canonical mapping with GBFS
Preceding the publication of the extension of the Network Timetable Exchange (NeTEx) for ‘new modes’, the EU-funded project DATA4PT and MobilityData experts release the high-level mapping between the General Bikeshare Feed Specification (GBFS) and Transmodel in order to support better interoperability of shared mobility data feeds. The mapping report is available here.